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The Histories by Herodotus

The central theme of The Histories is the epic clash between the Persian Empire of King Xerxes, and a handful of Greek city states in which the Greeks were, against all odds, victorious. In telling this startling story, Herodotus takes his audience into the ancient Mediterranean and Near Eastern world from Spain to India, and from Ethiopia to central Russia, in a magisterial narrative full of fabulous cities and the strange customs of distant peoples.